 Definition and Usage

The map() function executes a specified function for each item in an iterable. The item is sent to the function as a parameter.

Python map() function

map() function returns a map object(which is an iterator) of the results after applying the given function to each item of a given iterable (list, tuple etc.)

Syntax:

``map(fun, iter)``

Parameter

• fun : It is a function to which map passes each element of given iterable.
• iter : It is a iterable which is to be mapped.

NOTE : You can pass one or more iterable to the map() function.

Returns :

``Returns a list of the results after applying the given function  to each item of a given iterable (list, tuple etc.) ``

NOTE : The returned value from map() (map object) then can be passed to functions like list() (to create a list), set() (to create a set) .

Example 1:

``# Double all numbers using map and lambda   numbers = (2, 4, 6, 8) result = map(lambda x: x + x, numbers) print(list(result)) ``

Output:

``[4, 8, 12, 16]``

Example 2:

``# List of strings l = [‘wikitechy’, ‘wiki’]   # map() can listify the list of strings individually test = list(map(list, l)) print(test)``

Output:

``[[‘w’, ‘i’, ‘k’, ‘i’, ‘t’, ‘e’, ‘c’, ‘k’, ‘y’], [‘w’, ‘i’, ‘k’, ‘i’]]``

Example 3:

``# Python program to demonstrate working # of map.   # Return double of n def addition(n):     return n + n   # We double all numbers using map() numbers = (2, 4, 6, 8) result = map(addition, numbers) print(list(result))``

Output:

``[4, 8, 12, 16]``